deep soil compaction method

Deep Compaction Techniques - CivilEngineeringBible

Densification of deep soil deposits is achieved by following techniques: Pre-compression, or pre-loading; Explosion; Heavy tamping; Vibration; Compaction grouting; Vibro-compaction and vibro-replacement; Pre-compression. A site is pre-loaded by means of a surcharge or by lowering the groundwater level, causing the ground to consolidate.

Ground improvement method,Deep compaction method of ...

Oct 16, 2011 · The soil depths of 15 m have been treated using this technique and further using other special equipments and the heavy loads further compaction is possible. This method results in the increase in shear strength and reduction in compressibility and thus improve the bearing compressibility.

Deep soil compaction as a method of ground improvement …

Deep soil compaction as a method of ground improvement and to stabilization of wastes and slopes with danger of liquefaction, determining the modulus of …

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CHAPTER VI Deep Compaction Techniques

Field studies on the effect of explosions within saturated fine to medium grained cohesionless soils led to the conclusion that the depth of placement, h (meters) of a charge of mass c (kg) is related empirically by the expression: c = 0.055h3. and depth of compaction h. c of loose sandy soil is , h. c = 1.5 h.

Deep soil compaction as a method of ground improvement …

2.2. Stability analysis. Stability tests are necessary for the flow-slide-prone dumps. These tests have to be orientated to the necessary piece of work and to the technological order or the technological order is the result of the tests.

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Compaction Methods - Vibro GmbH - Machines for Deep …

Deep Compaction, a method to improve the load bearing capacity of soil. It’s more and more the case that planning and design consultants and experts in general have to come to grips with this construction method. And often for the specific reason that the application of deep compaction can solve our modern environmental problems quickly and cheaply.

Methods of Soil Compaction Remediation

The Necessity For Soil Compaction

Geotechnical Engineering: Types and Methods of Deep …

May 04, 2018 · Deep Dynamic Compaction (DDC) This method of ground improvement uses cranes to drop heavy weights (10 to 170 tons) from a height of up to 85ft onto the ground. The weights are …

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ASTM D7380 - 15 Standard Test Method for Soil Compaction ...

1.6 It is common practice in the engineering profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and a force (lbf). This implicitly combines two separate systems of units; that is, the absolute system and the gravitational system. This standard has been written using the gravitational system of units when dealing with the inch-pound system.


compaction depends on the lift thickness, contact pressure, and soil moisture content. Most contractors get a feel for these figures, based on their local experience. If you are dealing with a contractor who has not previously worked in the area, you should be wary.

Soil Compaction Handbook - Multiquip Inc

Soil Compaction Soil compaction is defined as the method of mechanically increasing the density of soil.

Methods of compaction of soil used in field » Cement Concrete

In successive passes compaction is achieved at the middle and top portion of the soil layer. The depth of the layer being compacted depends on the length of projection and weight of the roller. Depending upon the size of the roller the layer thickness varies from 15 cm to 30 cm.


Dynamic compaction of Soil Dynamic compaction is a ground improvement technique in which a drop weight is used to densify the soils and fill materials. The drop weight is typically made of steel and is …

Soil Improvement: Methods to Enhance Soft Ground ...

Jul 10, 2017 · Dynamic (Deep) Compaction This process involves the repetitive dropping of a heavy weight on the surface of the ground to compact soils Dynamic compaction is most effective in permeable, granular soils, as cohesive soils can absorb and limit the technique’s effectiveness.

Choosing the right machine for proper soil compaction

Dec 11, 2014 · Experience, type of soil, method specification and available equipment are all part of making this decision.

Dynamic Compaction - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The deep dynamic compaction (DDC) technique involves using a crane to drop weights of between 5 and 20 tons, from heights of up to 20  m. Figure 12.1 technique is best suited to large, open sites where few obstructions are present. Figure 12.1. Example of deep dynamic compaction.

Deep Soil Mixing - Keller Holding GmbH

Dry Soil Mixing is the in situ mechanical blending of wet soil with dry cementitious materials (binder) to achieve improved engineering properties, such as strength and stiffness.

Sand Compaction - Vibro GmbH - Machines for Deep …

The sand compaction method The soil physics defines soil as a mixture of air, water and solid particles held together by shear forces (internal friction) and cohesion. The less air and water, that is the less void it contains, the firmer it is. During the vibroflotation process, the vibro reduce the voids in the soil.


Deep Soil Mixing Increase bearing capacity and shear strength; decrease settlement and/or provide lateral stability and seepage control and resistance to liquefaction

Ground Improvement by Vibroflotation Method ...

It is a Specialist Deep Foundation Technique used for Ground improvement to considerable depth, up to 75 meters. It uses a probe called Vibro-flot (which could be powered electrically or hydraulically) to strengthen the soil by deep compaction to make the soil suitable to support proposed imposed load.

Deep soil mixing - dry method | Keller Middle East

Deep soil mixing (DSM) is a ground improvement technique that improves soft, high moisture clays, peats, and other weak soils, by mechanically mixing them with dry cementitious binder.

Deep vibratory compaction (vibro compaction)

Vibratory surface compaction is a method used on the surface of a reclamation area to increase the density, shear strength, and stiffness of the fill.

Deep vibratory compaction of granular soils

Fig. 3. Main elements of vibratory compaction equipment (resonance compaction system). The static moment M, which is an important parameter for vibrator applications, is the product of the mass of the eccentric weights G and the distance r of their centre of gravity to the rotation axis,

Home – Soil Improvement Contracting Company

The High Energy impact compaction Technique is an alternative for traditional roller compaction method ,where the energy is transferred to the soil by means of the lifting and falling motion of the non-circular rotating mass.

Deep soil mixing - dry method | Keller Middle East

Deep soil mixing (DSM) is a ground improvement technique that improves soft, high moisture clays, peats, and other weak soils, by mechanically mixing them with dry cementitious binder.

Deep vibratory compaction (vibro compaction)

Deep vibratory compaction has been developed to compact granular soils to depths of more than 30 metres. The deep vibratory method is limited to granular soils, usually with a maximum fines content of 10-15 percent. Probes are inserted into the ground at so-called compaction points, which are most commonly arranged on a triangular grid pattern over the area to be compacted.

Deep Vibro Techniques - Keller Holding GmbH

Deep vibro techniques present flexible solutions for soil improvement. They are mainly used under foundations of structures that are to be constructed on soils of low bearing capacity. Keller developed the depth vibrator (patented in 1934), which was originally used to …

Compaction of Soil - Test Methods and Effect on Properties ...

Compaction of soil is the pressing of soil particles close to each other by mechanical methods. Air during compaction of soil is expelled from the void space in the soil …

Method Statement for Excavation Compaction and …

Jul 30, 2018 · Method Statement for Excavation Compaction and BackfillingContents1 Method Statement for Excavation Compaction and Backfilling1.1 SCOPE:1.2 GENERAL:1.3 DUTIES AND ...

Home – Soil Improvement Contracting Company

COMPACTION R.I.C technique is an alternative to D.C method for shallow treatment up to 5m deep. RIC technique is usually used in combination with dynamic soil densification and vibro compaction techniques in order to improve the surface soil. RIC technique generates limited vibrations

Dynamic Compaction (Heavy Tamping) | Technologies | Trevi

Dynamic Compaction (DC) method is applicable for a wide variety of soil conditions including saturated/unsaturated loose Sands, even with the presence of silty pockets, dune sands, inorganic fill, reclaimed soils with variable characteristics and sizes even with the presence of large sized boulders, landfill deposits and collapsible soils.

Deep-Ripping and Decompaction

mitigate the physically induced impacts of soil compression; i.e.: soil compaction or the substantial increase in the bulk density of the soil material. Deep Ripping and Decompaction are key factors which help in restoring soil pore space and permeability for water infiltration. Conversely, the physical actions of cut-and-fill work, land

Different Types of Soil Compaction Equipments -Types of ...

Rammers are used for compacting small areas by providing impact load to the soil. This equipment is light and can be hand or machine operated. The base size of rammers can be 15cm x 15cm or 20cm x 20cm or more. For machine operated rammers, the usual weight varies from 30kg to 10 tonnes (6 …

Deep vibratory compaction of granular soils

Deep vibratory compaction is a repetitive process, comprising of three main phases: insertion of the compaction probe to the required depth—densification of the soil— extraction of the compaction probe. The principle steps of the vibratory compaction process using variable frequency are shown in …

Deep Compaction of Granular Soils | SpringerLink

Several new or improved methods for deep compaction of granular soils have been developed during the last few years: to control settlements to increase the bearing capacity to prevent or to reduce the...

(PDF) Deep Vibratory Compaction of Granular Soils

The deep vibration compaction method includes densification of loose sands by means of shear deformation processes imparted by horizontal vibrations of vibrator probe.

Ground improvement – Keller Group plc

Dynamic deep compaction Dynamic Deep Compaction is an economic site improvement technique used to treat a range of porous soil types and permit shallow, spread footing construction. Soils are densified at depth by the controlled impact of a crane-hoisted, heavy weight (15-35 tons) on the ground surface in a pre-determined grid pattern.

Soil improvement for deep foundation - Liebherr

Liebherr deep foundation machines help improve the building ground. Soil stabilization offers the following advantages: the natural load-bearing capacity of the ground to support construction loads is enhanced. Furthermore, the compressibility (settlement) of the ground can be reduced.

Ground Improvement - Federal Highway Administration

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE Washington, DC 20590 202-366-4000

Geotechnical Aspects of Explosive Compaction

Modification of loose, saturated deposits at depth using methods such as Deep Soil Mixing and jet grouting is costly. Dynamic compaction involves dropping of heavy weights to improve soil and is effective to a depth of 15 m, although its efficiency decreases with decreasing soil permeability.

Chapter 11 Ground Improvement

• Wick drains, sand columns, and similar methods that improve the drainage characteristics of the subsoil and thereby help to remove excess pore pressure that can develop under load applied to the soil • Grout injection techniques and replacement of soil with grout such …

Soil Compaction: Meaning, Compaction, Methods and …

(c) Highways, runways . Compaction is a function of three variables, namely: (i) Moisture content (ii) Compaction effort (iii) Type of soil . Saturation Line:

CI-CMC(Deep Soil Mixing) - Fudo Const

By the combination of techniques above, CI-CMC achieves the creation of larger columns with less mixing time. This realizes the cost reduction without sacrificing the strength and the uniformity of columns. CI-CMC is the ideal Deep Soil Mixing method that copes with both economy and quality.

Deep soil compaction as a method of ground improvement …

Apr 01, 2001 · For the stabilization of dumps with the construction of hidden dams and for building ground improvement, for instance for traffic lines over dumps, nearly all applied compaction methods have the aim to reduce the pore volume in the loose rock. With these methods, a homogenization of the compacted loose rock will be obtained too. The compaction methods of weight compaction by …

How to manage the three main types of soil compaction

Jun 13, 2016 · The best way to prevent soil crusting in fields is to minimize tillage operations and ensure that a protective layer of residue remains on the soil surface to absorb water droplets before they strike and break down stable soil aggregates.

Ground Improvement Techniques - Stone Column with Vibro ...

Deep vibro compaction and vibro replacement methods are mainly to increase the strength of granular soils as well as unfavorable soil conditions. They are also beneficial for the improvement of deformation characteristics of the same type of soil. The two methods work by …

Dynamic compaction - SlideShare

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Design of dynamic compaction - ResearchGate

... d max ¼ n ffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi WH p ð1Þ where n is an empirical constant. Mayne et al. (1984) and Lukas (1986) indicated that, in view of the large ...

Deep Dynamic Compaction - The Beaver Excavating Company

DDC is a ground improvement technology used to pre-consolidate structural fill and unstable soils. It can effectively minimize both overall site construction and differential settlement potential and can be a cost effective and significant time saving method as compared to other available ground improvement methods. Proven methodology; Cost ...

Dynamic Compaction - Soil Solutions

Dynamic Compaction allows for cost savings through the elimination of costly civil works & reducing construction time & making the existing material useable

How to Remove Soil Compaction | Home Guides | SF Gate

Medium-density loam soils typically consist of 50 percent solid material and 50 percent open pore space for air and water. Compacted soils are denser, having less open pore space and more solid ...